Student or Learner
I got confused after learning even participial phrases can be interpreted as "which+verb" to refer to the whole previous sentence. Does this "helping" mean "so(and) the blood vessels help" or "which(the air currents over the blood vessels so blood is cooled more efficiently) help"?
Before, I only thought such participial phrase has the subject of the sentence as its subject, but I now have to think about which is which. A similar example would be like this.
I gave her a present, strenthening our friendship => "so I strenthened" or "which(the fact) strengthened"?
I gave her a present, thanking her for the help => Definitely "while I was thanking".
ex)A distinctive characteristic of the African elephant is its extremely large ears. Besides their important use in hearing, the ears serve as radiators to prevent overheating...Spreading of the ears and ear-flapping are characteristically seen when elephants stand in the shade on hot days because of high-temperature. The action increases the air currents over the blood vessels so blood is cooled more efficiently, helping reduce the body temperature.
Thanks a lot! What about this? Does it depend?
ex)I gave her a present, strenthening our friendship => "so I strenthened" or "which(the fact) strengthened"?
It doesn't mean that while you were strengthening your friendship, you have her a present.
I really really want to tell you that in English grammar books in Korea, two types of participial phrase interpretation are typified. One is simultaneous action, and the other is consecutive action.
So doesn't it have any possibility of a consecutive action of "so I strenthened" like "I studied hard, getting(so I got) the full mark in Math"?
ex)I gave her a present, strenthening our friendship => "so I strenthened"
"Giving her the present strengthened your friendship."
In your words, "I gave her present, getting so that our relationship was strengthened." - though this is not a natural way of saying it.
"so I strengthened ..." is not a good way of expressing causation; but if it helps you, and if you mean "I gave her a present and, as a consequence, our friendship strengthened", use it.
Keannu, there is a "g" in the middle of "strengthen".
Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.