Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 11
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Urdu
      • Home Country:
      • Pakistan
      • Current Location:
      • Afghanistan

    • Join Date: Jun 2010
    • Posts: 189
    #1

    To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    1. I have emails to compose.
    2, I have emails to be composed.

    Questions:

    1, Which one sentence is correct?
    2, Please tell me the meanings of these two sentences, I mean explain the theme of them in your own words. It is one of the biggest problems for me.


    Regards
    Last edited by Jadoon 84; 01-Jul-2012 at 19:02. Reason: typing

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • Canada

    • Join Date: Jan 2009
    • Posts: 902
    #2

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    Both are grammatically correct. "To compose" refers to you, the composer, "to be composed" refers to the e-mails being composed.

    However, "I have emails to compose" sounds much better. Whether it's a natural preference for the active voice over the passive, or perhaps something else, is secondary.

  1. 5jj's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Oct 2010
    • Posts: 28,134
    #3

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    We normally just 'write' emails. If you are going to write them yourself, as I assume you are, then #1 is correct. It means that you must/need to write some emails.

    I can't come out this evening; I have some work to do.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • Canada

    • Join Date: Jan 2009
    • Posts: 902
    #4

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    I agree with 5jj that "emails to write" is the most natural way to say it. However, you could say "emails to compose" to emphasize that you will have to think hard about how to write them properly, rather than just dashing them off.

  2. 5jj's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Oct 2010
    • Posts: 28,134
    #5

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    Quote Originally Posted by abaka View Post
    However, you could say "emails to compose" to emphasize that you will have to think hard about how to write them properly, rather than just dashing them off.
    I agree. I should have added that.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England

    • Join Date: Jun 2010
    • Posts: 24,462
    #6

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    When my wife writes an email she clicks on a box labelled Create Mail, but with my email account I have to select the box labelled Compose.

    This may be the reason for Jadoon's use of the word.

    Rover

  3. emsr2d2's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK

    • Join Date: Jul 2009
    • Posts: 41,830
    #7

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    Quote Originally Posted by Rover_KE View Post
    When my wife writes an email she clicks on a box labelled Create Mail, but with my email account I have to select the box labelled Compose.

    This may be the reason for Jadoon's use of the word.

    Rover
    I click on the word "New". That certainly wouldn't help anyone to choose the appropriate verb.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Urdu
      • Home Country:
      • Pakistan
      • Current Location:
      • Afghanistan

    • Join Date: Jun 2010
    • Posts: 189
    #8

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    1, I have emails to compose / write. It is clear I am the "doer"
    while
    2, I have emails to be composed / written. Is it used that I will get the emails composed / written by others? i.e. I have emails to be composed / written by Taylor. Am I correct?

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England

    • Join Date: Jun 2010
    • Posts: 24,462
    #9

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    2, I have emails to be composed / written. Is it used that I will get the emails composed / written by others?
    No – only you will write them.
    In real life, native speakers would just say 'I have some emails to write', 'I have some shopping to do', 'I have a letter to post' etc.

    Rover

  4. emsr2d2's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK

    • Join Date: Jul 2009
    • Posts: 41,830
    #10

    Re: To + infinitive Vs To Be + 3rd form of verb

    If you said "I've got loads of emails that need writing" (which you will hear colloquially), then it may well be followed by "... so could you help me with some of them?" or "... but they're not going to write themselves!" Starting the sentence with "I have ..." certainly implies that the responsibility is yours and that you will write them.

    If you said "There are loads of emails to be written" then it would not be clear who was going to write them.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast

Similar Threads

  1. I was + to have + 3rd form of verb
    By Jadoon 84 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 15-May-2012, 14:29
  2. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 12-Oct-2011, 15:56
  3. infinitive or -ing form?
    By hooootdog in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 10
    Last Post: 30-Mar-2010, 04:26
  4. [Grammar] (verb + to-infinitive) or (verb + bare infinitive)
    By victor_amelkin in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 06-Apr-2009, 02:01
  5. the infinitive form
    By kurtkei in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 01-Aug-2004, 04:24

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •