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    Is "'s" pronounced as /s/ in "master's"? Or /z/?

    A dissertation or thesis[1] is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings.[2] In some countries/universities, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used as part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in others, the reverse is true.[3]
    The term dissertation can at times be used to describe a treatise without relation to obtaining an academic degree. The term thesis is also used to refer to the central claim of an essay or similar work.

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    Re: Is "'s" pronounced as /s/ in "master's"? Or /z/?

    It will vary from speaker to speaker, and on the speed of the utterance and the formality of the conversation. It could be anywhere between clear /z/ and clear/s/. It's basically /z/, but if it's followed very closely by the voiceless /k/ of 'course', the /z/ may become devoiced, making it effectively the same sound as /s/.

    In phonemic transcription, some people would transcribe this as /z/, considering the variation in this context to be merely an allophone of that phoneme. Others might use /s/, considering that a separate phoneme is produced here.

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