Student or Learner
What if there were a comma here? "the vehicles, waiting to begin the race." Then, does "the vehicles" have to be defined before? I mean sometimes restrictive and non-restrictive usage of participles are confusing. The former is for essential information, while the latter is for extra information. Can extra information omitted, not influencing the meaning of the whole sentence or for identifying the described noun?
I mean, is restrictive and non-restrictive usage of participles for a sentence or a described noun?
ex)The crowd began gathering early on Ruiz Street. People were everywhere, pushing closer and closer to the vehicles waiting to begin the race. Street sellers shouted - "Peanuts!" "Candy! "Hot dogs!"...
Can I get a longer answer for this?
...I mean, is restrictive and non-restrictive usage of participles for a sentence or a described noun?