Welcome to the forum, KitaeCho.
"...the years of austerity which followed the war."
Neither. It's simply saying that the years after the war were years of austerity. The austerity may or may not be a consequence of the war , and the reader may chose to infer that they were, but the sentence itself doesn't tell us.And here's what I'm not clear about: is that senten
sce saying that the austerity is the consequence of the war, or is it the opposite?
Student or Learner