Results 1 to 2 of 2
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • China

    • Join Date: Nov 2009
    • Posts: 1,049
    #1

    Failed to understand the usage "of"

    It looks like that the Allied Powers are comprised of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated. Only in full context we know that the Allied Powers are comprised of the United States, China, and Great Britain...

    The insertion "to the Allied Powers " makes it hard to be recognised. I think it means:


    We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender (of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated) to the Allied Powers.

    Am I on the right track?





    Context:

    We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated.



    Full context:

    We, acting by command of and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China, and Great Britain 26 July 1945 at Potsdam, and subsequently adhered to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the Allied Powers.
    We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated.
    We hereby command all Japanese forces wherever situated and the Japanese people to cease hostilities forthwith, to preserve and save from damage all ships, aircraft, and military and civil property, and to comply with all requirements which may be imposed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by agencies of the Japanese Government at his direction.
    We hereby command the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters to issue at once orders to the commanders of all Japanese forces and all forces under Japanese control wherever situated to surrender unconditionally themselves and all forces under their control.
    We hereby command all civil, military, and naval officials to obey and enforce all proclamations, orders, and directives deemed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to be proper to effectuate this surrender and issued by him or under his authority; and we direct all such officials to remain at their posts and to continue to perform their non-combatant duties unless specifically relieved by him or under his authority.
    We hereby undertake for the Emperor, the Japanese Government, and their successors to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration in good faith, and to issue whatever orders and take whatever action may be required by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by any other designated representative of the Allied Powers for the purpose of giving effect to that declaration.
    We hereby command the Japanese Imperial Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters at once to liberate all Allied Prisoners of War and civilian internees now under Japanese control and to provide for their protection, care, maintenance, and immediate transportation to places as directed.
    The authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the State shall be subject to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, who will take such steps as he deems proper to effectuate these terms of surrender.
    Signed at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 09.04 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945
    Mamoru Shigemitsu
    By Command and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government
    Yoshijirō Umezu
    By Command and in behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters
    Accepted at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 09.08 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945, for the United States, Republic of China, United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and in the interests of the other United Nations at war with Japan.
    Douglas MacArthur
    Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers
    C.W. Nimitz
    United States Representative
    Hsu Yung-Ch'ang
    Republic of China Representative
    Bruce Fraser
    United Kingdom Representative
    Kuzma Derevyanko
    Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Representative
    Thomas Blamey
    Commonwealth of Australia Representative
    Lawrence Moore Cosgrave
    Dominion of Canada Representative
    Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque
    Provisional Government of the French Republic Representative
    C.E.L. Helfrich
    Kingdom of the Netherlands Representative
    Leonard M. Isitt
    Dominion of New Zealand Representative

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • New Zealand
      • Current Location:
      • Australia

    • Join Date: Nov 2010
    • Posts: 2,013
    #2

    Re: Failed to understand the usage "of"

    We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated.


    As you say, it is the surrender of the Japanese Headquarters and Armed Forces etc, to the Allied Powers.
    There might seem to be potential for ambiguity here but "Allied Powers", "Allied Forces", or just "the Allies" were established terms for the forces which combined to fight against the Japanese/German/Italian "Axis".

    not a teacher

Similar Threads

  1. Failed to understand "putting it all in context"
    By NewHopeR in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 10-Aug-2012, 11:52
  2. Failed to understand "whom Democrats need to show up"
    By NewHopeR in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 21-Jul-2012, 06:31
  3. Replies: 4
    Last Post: 03-Apr-2012, 07:47
  4. Failed to understand "founded of ", what does it mean?
    By NewHopeR in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 02-Mar-2012, 01:26
  5. Replies: 3
    Last Post: 29-Feb-2012, 14:19

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •