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    #1

    over and above

    Today, even high achievers constantly fear that they are insignificant when they compare themselves to success stories in the media. "This creates highly unstable personality and an unstable society, " Dr. Strenger said.

    Instead, Dr Strenger says people should stop measuring their achievement through the cultural fantasies of rich an famous people.

    The fear of insignificance can only be overcome through strong individual an cultural identity over and above measurable achievement.



    According to the dictionary, "over and above" means" in addition to". In that case, the underlined "only" should be replaced by "also", shouldn't it?

    So does the author mean that the fear of insignificane can be overcome by strong identity as well as measurable achievement?

    What's your opinion?

    Jason

  1. Raymott's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: over and above

    Quote Originally Posted by jasonlulu_2000 View Post
    Today, even high achievers constantly fear that they are insignificant when they compare themselves to success stories in the media. "This creates highly unstable personality and an unstable society, " Dr. Strenger said.

    Instead, Dr Strenger says people should stop measuring their achievement through the cultural fantasies of rich an famous people.

    The fear of insignificance can only be overcome through strong individual an cultural identity over and above measurable achievement.



    According to the dictionary, "over and above" means" in addition to". In that case, the underlined "only" should be replaced by "also", shouldn't it?

    So does the author mean that the fear of insignificane can be overcome by strong identity as well as measurable achievement?

    What's your opinion?

    Jason
    I'd suggest that "stopping measuring their achievement through the cultural fantasies of rich an famous people" has already been given as one solution before the author suggest "the only solution is ..."
    But perhaps he intends "
    strong individual an cultural identity over and above measurable achievement" to subsume the first solution. If they are different, then yes, 'also' would be appropriate.

    But you aren't asking that. I think you're asking whether 'also' is necessary because of the two factors in the last sentence. No, it's not necessary. It's quite legitimate to say that "A can only be overcome by X and Y". This means that both X and Y are necessary for overcoming A.
    Specifically, no, the author does not mean "A can be overcome by X and also by Y".
    "Measurable achievement" is necessary, but so is "strong individual an cultural identity".

  2. 5jj's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: over and above

    Quote Originally Posted by jasonlulu_2000 View Post
    The fear of insignificance can only be overcome through strong individual and cultural identity over and above measurable achievement.
    We pedants would prefer 'only' to come after 'overcome'.

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