Student or Learner
These can be analyzed in the context of new insights required from
the underlying basis and clinical sciences, the strategies needed for
further progress in prevention, and the identification of reasonable
expectations for improving outcomes.
It's not well written, so it's difficult to say what is meant. It doesn't sound clear to me.
Note that it sounds like a part of an Abstract from an academic paper, and these are not always written by the academic authors -- frequently it's a case of "Hey, you submitted an article, where is your abstract?" "Bob, they didn't supply an abstract, can you write one?" "Well I have a graduate student in that area, I'll ask her to throw one together."