Do the phrases "on the basis on" and "based on" can be used interchangeably? Compare these two exemplary sentences:
1st. "Experiment is to be performed on the basis of real agricultural data."
2nd. "Experiment is to be performed based on real agricultural data."
Thanks in advance,
In my view, the two phrases are used slightly differently.
1. X is calculated on the basis of Y.
In this structure, "on the basis of Y" acts as an adverb, and describes the process of calculation.
2. The calculation X is based on Y.
In this structure, "based on Y" acts as an adjective, and describes the finished calculation.
Often, of course, the #1 structure will mean much the same as the #2 structure. So the difference is one of emphasis, rather than meaning.
Other members may disagree, though!