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  1. Chicken Sandwich's Avatar
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    #1

    past perfect or simple past?

    From Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English 2:

    Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given.


    Having explained things three times, Simon’s patience was exhausted.

    run

    Having explained things three times, Simon …….. patience.

    1. Having explained things three times, Simon had (finally) run out of patience.
    2. Having explained things three times, Simon (finally) ran out of patience.

    According to the book, #1 is closer to the original sentence and is therefore the correct answer. But why is it "better" than #2? I don't see it. Why do we need the past perfect here? Is #2 also an acceptable answer?

    Thank you in advance.

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    #2

    Re: past perfect or simple past?

    Quote Originally Posted by Chicken Sandwich View Post
    From Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English 2:

    Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given.


    Having explained things three times, Simon’s patience was exhausted.

    run

    Having explained things three times, Simon …….. patience.

    1. Having explained things three times, Simon had (finally) run out of patience.
    2. Having explained things three times, Simon (finally) ran out of patience.

    According to the book, #1 is closer to the original sentence and is therefore the correct answer. But why is it "better" than #2? I don't see it. Why do we need the past perfect here? Is #2 also an acceptable answer?

    Thank you in advance.
    I'm not a mothertongue, I just care for English language and I've been studying it for years, so, I'll give you my opinion. I think they're both good sentences, but I also think there's a slight difference between them: in the first one, Simon got bored before hearing the third time of what the person is explaining, so Simon's boredom is not a consequence of somebody's boring explanation; regarding the second sentence, I believe that Simon's boredom is due to how many times the explanation has been given, so it's a consequence of the fact that the explanation has been given more than once.
    For these reasons I think that n1 is more similar in meaning to the sentence given in the text.

  2. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: past perfect or simple past?

    #1 is the correct choice. #2 would be OK as "After explaining things three times, Simon (finally) ran out of patience."

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    #4

    Re: past perfect or simple past?

    What do you think about the reasoning I did regarding the two sentences?

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