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    #1

    analysis of noun phrases

    Hi! I would like to clear a few doubts.

    1) "They reached the banks of a small stream."

    If I were to analyze the underlined portion as a Noun Phrase,
    premodifier = the
    head noun = banks
    postmodifier = of a small stream

    Is this correct? Can I say that "of a small stream" is a post modifier (prepositional phrase)?

    2) Betty thought to herself, "How I wish I could go for a sail on the beautiful smooth water."

    If I were to analyze the underlined portion as a Noun Phrase,
    premodifier = a (determiner)
    head noun = sail
    postmodifier = on the beautiful smooth water

    Is this correct? Can I say that "on the beautiful smooth water" is a post modifier (prepositional phrase)? Or, is it an adverbial(of place) instead?

    3) One day when Peter and the little dog were out walking, they found a big bird sitting on a mound of earth.

    If I were to analyze the first underlined portion as a Noun Phrase,
    premodifier = one (determiner)
    head noun = day
    postmodifier = when Peter and the little dog were out walking (relative clause)

    If I were to analyze the second underlined portion as a Noun Phrase,
    premodifier = a (determiner) big (adjective)
    head noun = bird
    postmodifier = sitting on a mound of earth (non-finite clause)

    Is the analysis correct?

    4) She had a thorn in her hand.

    If I were to analyze the underlined portion as a Noun Phrase,
    premodifier = a (determiner)
    head noun = thorn
    postmodifier = in her hand (prepositional phrase)

    Is the analysis of the post modifier correct?


    Thanks :)

  1. charliedeut's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: analysis of noun phrases

    Hi and welcome, questforgrammar ,

    As you see, you are not getting answers to your questions. I suggest that you post each question in different threads. That way, people reading each of them may feel less baffled than they are now, reading such a long post with different questions. Besides, the answers given, since related to different questions, will mess the thread up a bit.

    charliedeut
    Please be aware that I'm neither a native English speaker nor a teacher.

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    #3

    Re: analysis of noun phrases

    Yes, I realized that too. Thanks for your advice. :)

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    #4

    Re: analysis of noun phrases

    Quote Originally Posted by questforgrammar View Post
    "How I wish I could go for a sail on the beautiful smooth water."



    Is this correct? Can I say that "on the beautiful smooth water" is a post modifier (prepositional phrase)? Or, is it an adverbial(of place) instead?
    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    Hello,


    I really like your question. I thought about it all last night. This morning, I have a few opinions to share with you.

    *****

    1. I feel that "on the beautiful smooth water" modifies the noun "sail" (voyage). Therefore, it is adjectival.
    2. I feel that it could not modify the verb "could go."
    3. If we delete "on the beautiful smooth water," we get "How I wish (that) I could go for a sail." I feel that such a sentence makes perfect sense.
    4. But if we delete "for a sail," we get: "How I wish I could go on the beautiful smooth water." In my opinion, that does not make sense. (It would make sense, however, in "How I wish I could go skiing on the beautiful smooth water.")
    5. Furthermore, I believe that "go for" in your sentence is similar to a phrasal verb. That is, it seems to mean "take."
    Compare:

    How I wish I could go for a ride to the moon./ How I wish I could take a ride to the moon.
    6. If you agree with me, then this sentence would be absurd:

    How I wish I could take on the beautiful smooth water.

    I rest my case.


    James

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