Student or Learner
"Therefore, the prime minister is responsible for the fact that hundreds of thousands of his subjects have become second-class citizens. Netanyahu knew what Barak's approach vis-à-vis the settlers was, so by handing them over to the defense minister's absolute rule, he essentially threw them under the bus."
More: The Right doesn't forget - Israel Opinion, Ynetnews
Can we call people subjects? Also, The Free Dictionary says that subject means "one who is under the rule of another..." Does this definition suit the underlined word?
(Not a Teacher)
Yes. This is mostly used within the context of a monarchical government. The people are subject to the rule of a king or queen, hence they are his or her 'subjects'.