Student or Learner
He wants to bring more attention to a future in which mankind might be at the mercy of "machines that are not malicious, but machines whose interests don't include us."
He said that advanced technology could be a threat when computers start to direct resources towards their own goals,at the expense of human concerns like environmental sustainability.
More: Will machines kill mankind? Cambridge academics want to know - News - Gadgets & Tech - The Independent
Do the underlined parts share/have the same meaning?
Not exactly. The second is the start of a process; the first is a later stage.