"one of the, all of the, each of the, and so on."
You have generalized far too much from the phrase "and so on." It includes only phrases that are grammatically similar to the phrases that precede it, for example many of the, much of the, few of the, etc."
I'll give you one example of a singular noun following "of the", and your homework is to construct ten more of your own: The dangers of the night are fearsome to many."
Student or Learner