Before you post any more of these apparently unrelated snippets without any context, AUTOMOON, you need to remember that it is the middle of the night in the UK and getting late in the USA.
You need to tell us why you want to know about this stuff and what is the source of the sentences.
I suggest you wait 12 hours now to give potential responders time to consider your questions.
You could perhaps go back and edit your posts to include some context while you are waiting.
Student or Learner