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  1. #1
    NewHopeR is offline Senior Member
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    What does "them" refer to here?

    Context:

    Adorno, et al. (1950) viewed the authoritarian personality as having a strict superego that controls a weak ego unable to cope with strong id impulses. The resulting intrapsychic conflicts cause personal insecurities, resulting in that person’s superego to adhere to externally imposed conventional norms (conventionalism), and to the authorities who impose these norms (authoritarian submission). The ego-defense mechanism of projection occurs as indicated when that person avoids self-reference of the anxiety producing id impulse, by displaying them onto “inferior” minority groups in the given culture (projectivity), with associated beliefs that are highly evaluative (power and toughness), and rigid (stereotypy). Additionally, there is a cynical view of mankind and a need for power and toughness resulting from the anxieties produced by perceived lapses in society’s conventional norms (destructiveness and cynicism). Other characteristics of this personality type are a general tendency to focus upon those who violate conventional values and act harshly towards them (authoritarian aggression), a general opposition to subjective or imaginative tendencies (anti-intraception), a tendency to believe in mystic determination (superstition), and finally, an exaggerated concern with promiscuity.

    More:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Authoritarian_personality
    Last edited by NewHopeR; 14-Apr-2013 at 07:59.

  2. #2
    5jj's Avatar
    5jj is offline VIP Member
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    Re: What does "them" refer to here?

    Quote Originally Posted by NewHopeR View Post
    Other characteristics of this personality type are a general tendency to focus upon those who violate conventional values and act harshly towards them (authoritarian aggression), a general opposition to subjective or imaginative tendencies (anti-intraception), a tendency to believe in mystic determination (superstition), and finally, an exaggerated concern with promiscuity.
    It seems to refer back to 'conventional values', but I don't see how one can act harshly towards conventional values.

  3. #3
    probus's Avatar
    probus is offline Moderator
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    Re: What does "them" refer to here?

    The use of "them" that 5jj quoted at least makes some semblance of sense.But there is also this use of '"them" that to my mind makes no sense at all:

    The ego-defense mechanism of projection occurs as indicated when that person avoids self-reference of the anxiety producing id impulse, by displaying them onto “inferior” minority groups in the given culture (projectivity), with associated beliefs that are highly evaluative (power and toughness), and rigid (stereotypy).

  4. #4
    NewHopeR is offline Senior Member
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    Re: What does "them" refer to here?

    Quote Originally Posted by 5jj View Post
    It seems to refer back to 'conventional values', but I don't see how one can act harshly towards conventional values.
    Sorry, I meant the them in " producing id impulse, by displaying them onto “inferior” minority groups"." I have reddened it now in the OP.

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