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    #1

    Is it wrong? ->"A house having a black roof"

    When changing an adjective clause to an adjective phrase, can I say as in Example 1?

    Example 1) I live in a house that has a red roof. (adjective clause)
    -> I live in a house having a red roof. (adjective phrase)

    One grammar reference says: "If there is no be form of a verb in the adjective clause, it is sometimes possible to omit the subject pronoun and change the verb to its -ing form."

    I thought there was nothing grammatically wrong in the above sentence using an adjective phrase, but am I wrong? If so, why? Why cannot I change "that has" (adjective clausde) to "having" (adjective phrase) in this case?

    In another example ("I have a friend who lives in Paris."), I can change it to "I have a friend living in Paris."

    Why this example can use the adjective phrase but the first example (Example 1) cannot?

  1. probus's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Is it wrong? ->"A house having a black roof"

    The problem with having a is that there is a similar adjective phrase that is almost invariably used instead in short declarative sentences: with a. I live in a house with a red roof.

    One can dream up natural ways to use having a. Simon, having a lot of weight to carry around these days, always wants to take the bus rather than walk. But you are going to hear with more often than having by a wide margin.

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    #3

    Re: Is it wrong? ->"A house having a black roof"

    I see, your explanation is very informative and helpful to me.
    Thank you!

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    #4

    Re: Is it wrong? ->"A house having a black roof"

    As the previous answer has indicated, it is a question of naturalness rather than of grammar. The use of 'having' as a restrictive adnominal tends to be limited to dictionary definitions, e.g. "quadruped: an animal having four legs".

    In everyday parlance, 'with' is preferred.
    Last edited by Rover_KE; 09-May-2013 at 07:52.

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