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    • Join Date: Feb 2006
    • Posts: 5

    Germanic Consonant shift

    Do anybody know what rules of Germanic Consonant shift (Grimm's Law) applies to

    1) from octagon (Greek) to eight (English)?

  1. #2

    Re: Germanic Consonant shift

    Sorry, no. Please let me know when you find out. It sounds great.

  2. rewboss's Avatar

    • Join Date: Feb 2006
    • Posts: 1,552

    Re: Germanic Consonant shift

    Wikipedia article on the First Germanic Sound Shift

    "Eight" doesn't come from "octagon" (which means "eight-cornered"), but "okto" ("eight"). The English "gh" represents a sound that no longer exists, but was a kind of fricative, a bit like the "ch" in German "Bach" or Scottish "loch" (it softened over the centuries, first to a soft gargle and then to completely silent).

    The precise law governing this change is the Germanic Spirant Law. Usually, stops became fricative, but under the Spirant Law, a stop was followed by a t, only the first stop was turned into a fricative, leaving the t intact.

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