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    #1

    Question which one is subject??

    In the sentence, "It is easy to study English."
    Which is the subject 'it', 'to study' or both?

  1. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: which one is subject??

    Quote Originally Posted by jhjdie View Post
    In the sentence, "It is easy to study English."
    Which is the subject 'it', 'to study' or both?
    Welcome to the forum.

    What do you think is the correct answer? As you are an English teacher, we would expect you to be able to suggest an answer and to explain that answer.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #3

    Re: which one is subject??

    Quote Originally Posted by emsr2d2 View Post
    Welcome to the forum.

    What do you think is the correct answer? As you are an English teacher, we would expect you to be able to suggest an answer and to explain that answer.
    I believe that in meaning, 'to study' is the subject. But Can't we call 'it' subject?

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    #4

    Re: which one is subject??

    NOT A NATIVE TEACHER

    This is "it" as impersonal subject. It's used in different situations. One of the normal uses is about weather, e.g. "It is raining heavily."
    "It" can be followed by a to be verb and an adjective or noun group to give our (personal) ideas / opinions about something, like your example: "It's easy to study English."

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: which one is subject??

    Some people refer to this as a delayed subject construction. The normal subject spot is occupied by a dummy/impersonal "it" and the true subject comes later in the sentence. You can rearrange the sentence to be: "To study English is easy". In that case, the pronoun "it" is not needed and it disappears. "To study English" is an infinitive phrase acting as a noun.

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    #6

    Re: which one is subject??

    what I want to know is that which one is the subject. Because I saw a quiz, which says ,without any explanation, 'to infinitive is the subject'. So I wonder if 'it' is subject or not, otherwise, just impersonal subject. please help I'm desperate.

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    #7

    Re: which one is subject??

    Did you actually read the replies? Sometimes there isn't a simple answer.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #8

    Re: which one is subject??

    you are right. I just wanted the simple answer. "it" can be the subject or "it" can't be the subject. If mine isn't a kind of the simple questions, I think I have to accept it.

  4. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: which one is subject??

    Jhjdie, evidently we were not clear enough. In the delayed subject construction, the sentence has two subjects. The pronoun "it" is the grammatical subject/dummy subject; The infinitive phrase "to study English" is the real/logical subject.

    Logical subject - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary

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