An interesting question. Your first example is ungrammatical and your second has the intransitive use of the word.
I was going to say that 'remain' is always intransitive, until the first dictionary I looked at said that it is 'usually intransitive', but without giving an example of a transitive use.
This prompted me to search the dictionaries here and it wasn't until I got to #18 (Webster's 1913 edition) that I found this:
Re*main", v. t. To await; to be left to. [Archaic]The easier conquest now remains thee. Milton ('Paradise Lost', 1667)So as this transitive use of the word was deemed archaic a hundred years ago, we can conclude that you cannot use it transitively today.
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