The answer is C. The intention of the question is to test recognition of two usages of the verb "to work". The lift "works" in the sense of "being functional", which is the intransitive usage of the verb (it takes no direct object). However, the computer "works" the lift, which is the transitive usage of the verb (it has a direct object - in this case, the lift).Originally Posted by forch
The question makes the distinction less easy to spot by using the passive voice in the second sentence. This sentence could be rephrased in the active voice as "Yes, and the computer works the lift", which makes the transitive nature of the verb more obvious. In the passive, it becomes "it (the lift) is worked".
The answer is A. This is a question designed to test understanding of tense.Originally Posted by forch
First, we can recognise immediately that a past tense of some sort is needed, because the question asks where someone has BEEN (in the past), and then describes what "we" were doing (expecting the return of the someone) while that someone was away. In other words, the "expecting" occurred in the past.
So we can eliminate options B (Present Continuous tense) and D (Present Simple tense). We are left with Option C (Present Perfect tense) or Option A (Imperfect or Past Simple tense). The difference between these tenses is that present perfect is used where the action of the verb is incomplete and imperfect is used where the action is complete.
So now we ask ourselves "Are we still expecting the person back?" No, because they have returned and we are asking them a question. So, the verb is complete. We use the imperfect tense "were expecting".
Note that the imperfect tense has another form: "expected". You might ask whether that could be used in the sentence. Yes, it could. The sentence "We expected you back much earlier" means the same as "We were expecting you back much earlier", and is equally correct.
The answer is probably A, but I consider this to be a terrible question. It is genuinely ambiguous. Waves never "knock" shores, but it is perfectly natural in English to say waves are striking, hitting or beating the shore. The sentence implies we should be looking for a "gentle" verb, because it tells us that "the storm died away" and the waves were at "peace". None of the alternatives A, B and C are "gentle" though. I would discard C because it would only be chosen to suggest a violent storm. However, I can only choose between A and B on pure instinct.Originally Posted by forch
It's another poor question in my opinion, because it teaches an archaic English construction that is rarely used by native speakers or writers today. In order for the sentences to be consistent, the answer must be D.Originally Posted by forch
"There is not one of us but wishes to help you" means the same as "None of us wishes anything else except to help you". There are much better and clearer ways of saying that.
The answer is D.Originally Posted by forch
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