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    • Join Date: Nov 2005
    • Posts: 26
    #1

    thereby

    1. An electrical circuit is coverd with a waterproof material,
    thereby protecting the circuit from water damage.
    2. An electrical circuit is coverd with a waterproof material,
    thereby being protected from water damage.
    3. A waterproof material covers an electrical circuit,
    thereby protecting the circuit from water damage.

    I am not sure how to use "thereby".
    I think No.1 is incorrect, and No.2 and No.3 are correct.
    Is my understanding of "thereby" OK?
    Last edited by manky; 04-Mar-2006 at 18:45.

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    • Join Date: Feb 2005
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    #2

    Re: thereby

    Hello Manky

    1. An electrical circuit is coverd with a waterproof material,
    thereby protecting the circuit from water damage.

    Some might argue that the relationship between "protecting" and the noun phrase that it modifies ("waterproof material") is a little tenuous; but the use of "thereby" seems fine.

    2. An electrical circuit is coverd with a waterproof material,
    thereby being protected from water damage.

    This seems ok grammatically, but it doesn't sound quite idiomatic.

    3. A waterproof material covers an electrical circuit,
    thereby protecting the circuit from water damage.

    This seems ok.

    See you,
    MrP

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