1. No it refers to the extolling.
2. There is a certain romantic notion held by many that the institutions of western civilization are all "corrupt" and that noble individuals that fight against them are heroes. Some such individuals and situations exist, after all we are but human. But when every story told in the media and entertainment industry is about how evil corporations, the military, banking, gov't, etc. are it can breed a contempt for every institution.
And lead to the soft-focus rock star treatment of a bomber who killed and maimed for his twisted view of religion.