Interested in Language
___ into oceans and rivers is a serious form of pollution.
A. Pouring sewage
B. Throwing garbage
C. Dumping sewage
D. Emptying litter
Please tell me which is the answer you pick and why you believe it is better than others
As a non-native speaker of English, I have heard "pour... into" "dump ....into" "throw..in/into". So I would say A, B,C are all workable answers. But the given answer is C. I don't understand why it is better
I agree- it's not a good question. C is the most natural to me, but there are other possibilities.
I never thought of emptying sewage into the ocean as a serious form of pollution. Don't whales and fish defecate? Aren't animal excretions a source of nutrition for the ocean's plants, which account for 85% of the earth's plant biomass?
On the other hand, you'd have to consider what's in the 'garbage' and 'litter' and how much was put into the sea before being able to answer that question. Plastic bags do the environment no good at all. It's not an English question.
If all four choices included "sewage", at least it would be an English question - not a good one, but at least one in which the student had to choose the appropriate verb.
I agree, but would add that the difference in verb probably is intended to relate to a presumed knowledge of what *hit is coming from the sewers. If it's a colloidal suspension, I'd say 'dump' is much better than pour. If it's really a liquid, pour is probably better. I'm not sure it's an English language question though, but one of culture or general education (I remember a story of an Entire class of Saudi ESL students choosing "B. Bad weather" to describe a picture of the sun overhead with kids playing beneath).