Results 1 to 2 of 2
  1. Banned
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Jun 2013
    • Posts: 637

    Tom just called.He said ...... (just)=?

    Hello teachers,

    I have a book teaching American English grammar and conversation.
    In it, there is a unit explaining direct and indirect speeches:

    Indirect speech: review
    Optional tense changes

    When reporting verb is in the simple past tense, backshifting is optional when:
    1. the statement refers to something JUST said:

    Tom just called. He said that the director is leaving.
    Tom just called. He said that the director was leaving.
    (both are correct)

    This is my question: I know the meaning of Just but what does it exactly mean used in those sentences?
    They don't make a good sense if we say that Just in above examples mean Only. I have checked the meaning of Just in
    dictionaries but I am not sure what it refers to or why it is used in there.

    Source: Summit 2B (by Joan Saslo and Allen Ascher) Pearson
    Longman Press, Unit 8, Direct and Indirect Speeches
    Thank you.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England

    • Join Date: Jun 2010
    • Posts: 24,494

    Re: Tom just called.He said ...... (just)=?

    This definition of 'just' from Macmillan should explain it to your satisfaction:

    a short time ago, or a short time before something that happened in the past. Mom just left to go to the grocery store.

    Andy had just arrived in Australia the day before.

    Susan was just telling me about your new job.

    only just (=a very short time ago): I've only just started, so I can't tell you anything yet.

Similar Threads

  1. [Grammar] [Inversion] Not very happy was Tom. // Not Tom was very happy.
    By wotcha in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 13-Apr-2013, 01:54
  2. [Grammar] Tom built the house->The house Tom built// The house did Tom build.
    By wotcha in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 25-Nov-2012, 17:28
  3. [Grammar] Who is Tom Hart?
    By ushakranthi in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 05-Sep-2012, 18:34
  4. Tom, (who is)....
    By sky3120 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 28-Aug-2012, 15:09
  5. Tom
    By Unregistered in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 10-Jul-2008, 10:51


Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts