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  1. Banned
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    • Join Date: Jun 2013
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    #1

    the direct speech refers to something thatís still true

    Hello dear all, this is written in my book:

    When a reporting verb is in the simple past tense, backshifting is optional when:

    1. the statement refers to something JUST said:

    Direct = Alex just called. He said, ďThe director is leaving.Ē
    Indirect = Alex just called. He said (that) the director is leaving.
    or
    Indirect = Alex just called. He said (that) the director was leaving.
    ************************************************** ************************************
    2. the direct speech refers to something thatís still true:

    Direct
    = Jennifer said, ďI need to renew my passport.Ē
    Indirect = Jennifer said that she needed to renew her passport.
    or
    Indirect = Jennifer said that she needs to renew her passport.
    ************************************************** *************************************
    3. the direct speech refers to a scientific or general truth:

    Direct = He found, ďthe Earth is the fifth largest planet in the solar system.Ē
    Indirect = He noted that the Earth is the fifth largest planet in the solar system.
    or
    Indirect = He noted that the Earth was the fifth largest planet in the solar system.
    ************************************************** **************************************

    I have problem understanding or recognizing the category of sentences explained in #2 explanation.
    What does #2 really mean by saying "2. the direct speech refers to something thatís still true:"
    Would you please be nice enough to give me an other example or a sentence which refers to explanation of number #2?

    Thank you.

  2. 5jj's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: the direct speech refers to something thatís still true

    Galileo said that the earth moves around the sun.

  3. Banned
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    #3

    Re: the direct speech refers to something thatís still true

    Quote Originally Posted by 5jj View Post
    Galileo said that the earth moves around the sun.
    Thanks for answering 5JJ.
    I myself have made another example for explanation #2. Would you please be nice enough to have look at it and tell me if that is suitable for #2?

    This is my self made example for explanation #2:

    Direct: Alex said, "I want to go to Paris."
    Indirect: Alex said that he wants to go to Paris.
    Indirect: Alex said that he wanted to go to Paris.

    Are these three suitable to be referred to #2 explanation?

    Thank you.

  4. 5jj's Avatar
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      • British English
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    • Join Date: Oct 2010
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    #4

    Re: the direct speech refers to something thatís still true

    Quote Originally Posted by sb70012 View Post
    Thanks for answering 5JJ.
    I myself have made another example for explanation #2. Would you please be nice enough to have look at it and tell me if that is suitable for #2?

    This is my self made example for explanation #2:

    Direct: Alex said, "I want to go to Paris."
    Indirect: Alex said that he wants to go to Paris.
    Indirect: Alex said that he wanted to go to Paris.

    Are these three suitable to be referred to #2 explanation?

    Thank you.
    Yes - if Alex still wanted to go at the time his utterance was reported.

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