Student or Learner
The 2nd sentence pattern is "Subject+be+complement", so 3 is definitely 2nd pattern.
What about 1 and 2? I think 2 might be 1st pattern, but 1 is vague- in my grammar book, it's treated as 1st pattern.
Can't "shopping" be treated as an adjective, making it 2nd pattern? Complements are either a noun or an adjective.
1. A man was shopping in the department store for his girlfriend.
2. Summer is just around the corner.
3. She is a student(happy) - 1
Could you tell me why? I also need the answer.
I meant like this, and I need the answer to my original question.
She is a student (noun) or She is happy(adjective) - 1
'She is a student' and 'She is happy' are both correct.
I don't understand your confusion.
1. The main verb is "was shopping".
2. Experts disagree about whether a linking verb can take an adverb. Some believe that adverbs of time can modify linking verbs. This seems to be one of those cases.
3. She is a student/she is a happy student. Student is a noun in both cases and, as a predicate nominative, it restates the subject.
4. She is happy. Happy is an adjective and, as a predicate adjective, it describes the subject
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