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    #1

    Gerund Phrase or Participial Phrase?

    Hi forum!

    This time I have got a tough one for you:


    I was reading through The Compound Subject section of my grammar book when I came to the following sentence:

    Being submissive is not necessarily naive.

    Being submissive is stated (in book 1) as a Participial Phrase.



    Another Grammar book says:

    "Failing the exam was a major disappointment to him, to me and to Eva."

    Failing the exam is stated (in book 2) as a Gerund Phrase.



    On the internet now following info:

    A participial phrase commonly functions as an adjective.

    Thus, book 1 must be wrong because I can replace the compound subject with "it" and therefore "it" is a noun, not an adjective.

    Please help me out here!

    Thank you!!!

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Gerund Phrase or Participial Phrase?

    Quote Originally Posted by virus99 View Post
    Hi forum!

    This time I have got a tough one for you:


    I was reading through The Compound Subject section of my grammar book when I came to the following sentence:

    Being submissive is not necessarily naive.

    Being submissive is stated (in book 1) as a Participial Phrase.



    Another Grammar book says:

    "Failing the exam was a major disappointment to him, to me and to Eva."

    Failing the exam is stated (in book 2) as a Gerund Phrase.



    On the internet now following info:

    A participial phrase commonly functions as an adjective.

    Thus, book 1 must be wrong because I can replace the compound subject with "it" and therefore "it" is a noun, not an adjective.

    Please help me out here!

    Thank you!!!
    This a common error. I agree with your analysis. Both of your examples begin with gerund phrases that act as nouns.

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