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    #1

    "The district administration reviewed the situation

    what is the exact difference between sentences like "The district administration reviewed the situation" and "The district administration has reviewed the situation", "curfew was relaxed for over two hours in three areas of trouble-hit Muzaffarnagar" and "curfew had relaxed for over two hours in three areas of trouble-hit Muzaffarnagar"
    One thing i can understand is that linking verb are used to connect subject and the adjective

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    #2

    Re: "The district administration reviewed the situation

    "The district administration reviewed the situation"

    Past simple tense ( basic tense for telling a story about something that happened in the past ). If someone asked me 'What happened?', I would use this tense.

    "The district administration has reviewed the situation"

    Present perfect tense ( for telling what has happened up to this point in time ). If someone asked me 'What is the current situation?", I would use this tense.

    I may come back to the other 2 sentences if that explanation was in any way helpful.

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    #3

    Re: "The district administration reviewed the situation

    Thank you It is helpful.
    Kindly do explain for the second one also

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    #4

    Re: "The district administration reviewed the situation

    "The curfew was relaxed for over two hours in three areas of trouble-hit Muzaffarnagar"

    Past simple tense in the passive voice - basic tense for telling a story about something that happened in the past - passive voice used because we're more interested in the curfew than whoever enforced the curfew.

    "The curfew had relaxed for over two hours in three areas of trouble-hit Muzaffarnagar"

    Past perfect tense in the active voice. The active voice doesn't make sense here; as it is written, the curfew is the actor. In this sentence, I imagine the curfew breathing out loudly and lying back on a comfy chair which is unlikely. If the past perfect tense is required, it would be better in the passive voice.

    e.g. "The curfew had been relaxed for over two hours in three areas of trouble-hit Muzaffarnagar"

    You would use the past perfect to set the scene before a reference point in the past.

    e.g. "Everbody was on the street again going about their business. The curfew had been relaxed for over two hours in three areas of trouble-hit Muzaffarnagar."

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