My English Teacher Is Working With Us On Diagramming Sentences That Have Gerund Phrases. I Am Not Having Fun Right Now I Am Not Really Understanding This. Can Anyone Help Me!!
A gerund is a noun, so it can go anywhere a noun can go. That is, it can function as a subject, an object, an indirect object, and as a subject complement, but never as a verb. For example,
Subject: Swimming is fun.
=> "Swimming" is a gerund. It functions as the subject of the sentence.
Object: I like swimming.
=> "swimming" is a gerund. It functions as the object of the verb "like".
Grammar Trick: gerunds can be replaced by the word "what", like this,
 What is fun?
 I like what?
Gerunds look like Present Participles:
Gerund: Swimming is fun.
=> Subject. "Swimming" is a thing. A sport, a hobby, an interest.
Present Participle: Swimming lessons are fun. / Lessons are fun.
=> Adjective. "Swimming" tells us what kind of lessons are fun.
Present Participles: They are swimming.
=> "are swimming" is an action, not a thing.
Present participles function as adjectives and as part of a verb. Gerunds cannot do that.
What are some of the sentences you're working on now?
Try out these sites:
Last edited by Casiopea; 13-Mar-2006 at 00:22.