Student or Learner
If I have these two sentences:
1. "He was up against a lot of problems."
2. "He came up against a lot of problems."
Does the first sentence emphasize the situation of him having to deal with problems, and the second sentence emphasize the process of going into the said situation?
Yes, I think you are right. To be up against is more likely to indicate an ongoing condition, while come up against is more likely to indicate a singular event.