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    #1

    Usage of prepositions 'with' and 'by'

    There are two sentences:
    The road was blocked WITH a massive snowdrift.
    The ancient city was devastated BY the 1995 earthquake.
    Why in the first sentence is used the preposition ‘with’ while in the second one ‘by’?

    Thanks in advance.

    PS I can’t remember where I got the sentence The road was blocked WITH a massive snowdrift from. So I can’t guarantee it’s correct.
    Last edited by northpath; 04-Nov-2013 at 12:42.

  1. Boris Tatarenko's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Usage of prepositions 'with' and 'by'

    I'm not a teacher nor a native speaker.

    I'd use "by" in the first one. I'm interested as well.
    Please, correct all my mistakes. I should know English perfectly and if you show me my mistakes I will achieve my dream a little bit faster. A lot of thanks.

    Not a teacher nor a native speaker.

  2. Raymott's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Usage of prepositions 'with' and 'by'

    I expect that they were written by different people. I'd use 'by' with the first sentence.

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    #4

    Re: Usage of prepositions 'with' and 'by'

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    I expect that they were written by different people. I'd use 'by' with the first sentence.

    Me, too.

  3. engee30's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: Usage of prepositions 'with' and 'by'

    northpath, if a person is implied or involved in making something to happen intentionally, then you'll normally use the preposition with; otherwise, it'll be by, e.g.

    The driver was hit with a bottle (someone used a bottle to hit him)
    The driver was hit by a (flying) bottle. (someone threw a bottle and it hit the driver, possibly accidentally; the driver may not have been the target)

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