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    #1

    please help me with the INDIRECT SPEECH ( Reported speech)

    ->indirect speech: he said (that) he was sad
    So i understand that he was sad when he said it, but I just can't give a clear explanation, why?why do we know that it happens at the same time?

  1. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: please help me with the INDIRECT SPEECH ( Reported speech)

    Quote Originally Posted by englishnoob0611 View Post
    ->indirect speech: he said (that) he was sad
    So i understand that he was sad when he said it, but I just can't give a clear explanation, why?why do we know that it happens at the same time?
    I don't understand your dilemma. If a person says "I am sad", it is clear that the person is sad at the time he/she spoke.

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    #3

    Re: please help me with the INDIRECT SPEECH ( Reported speech)

    Ok, so if he said he had checked the door means he had checked the door before he said it,if he said he understood ,he understood at the moment when he said it,if he said he would do it means he would do it after he said it ,right?

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    #4

    Re: please help me with the INDIRECT SPEECH ( Reported speech)

    Quote Originally Posted by englishnoob0611 View Post
    Ok, so if he said he had checked the door means he had checked the door before he said it,if he said he understood ,he understood at the moment when he said it,if he said he would do it means he would do it after he said it ,right?
    You are using indirect speech to explain indirect speech. Try making a direct quote and then reporting what was said.

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    #5

    Re: please help me with the INDIRECT SPEECH ( Reported speech)

    Quote Originally Posted by englishnoob0611 View Post
    ->indirect speech: he said (that) he was sad
    So i understand that he was sad when he said it, but I just can't give a clear explanation, why?why do we know that it happens at the same time?
    "He said that he was sad" would normally mean that he said, "I am sad." But it could also mean that he said, "I was sad".
    You'd have to decide from the context.
    "He said that he was unconcious for a few minutes". This can only mean, "He said, 'I was unconscious for a few minutes."'
    If you really need to make a distinction in reported speech, you can say, "He said that he had been sad/unconscious." But that doesn't help if the speaker uses the simple past in indirect speech.

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