Dear teachers and members:
In american English (AmE), the /h/ phoneme sometimes is elided in a conversation, but I am not quite sure if this also happens in british English (BrE) too. The following is my exposition about it.
1°) The object pronouns and possessive adjetives him, her and his. When reduced to Schwa and when are not at the end of a sentence, they tend to elide the /h/ phoneme, for examples:
a) Tell him to come / ˈtɛlhəmtəˌkʌm / tends to elide the /h/ sounding as: / ˈtɛləmtəˌkʌm /
b) I told you to give her the book / aɪˈtəʊldʒjətəˌɡɪvhərðəˈbʊk / tends to elide the /h/ sounding as: / aɪˈtəʊldʒjətəˌɡɪvərðəˈbʊk /
c) Is this his house? / ɪzˈðɪshəzˌhaʊs? /tends to elide the /h/ sounding as: / ɪzˈðɪsəzˌhaʊs? /
d) I know her brother / aɪˌnəʊhərˈbrʌðər /tends to elide the /h/ sounding as: / aɪˌnəʊərˈbrʌðər /
2°) When have is preceded by the modal verbs would, could, should, must and might and is reduced to Schwa. It tends to elide the /h/ phoneme and the /d/ phoneme of the preceding modal verb becomes flap. As mentioned above, this happens if have is not at the end of a sentence, for examples:
a) Anything would have been better / ˈɛnɪˌθɪŋˈwʊrəvbɪnˌbɛtər/
b) He could have done much more / hiˈkʊrəvˌdʌnmʌtʃˈmɔr/
c) It should have been you /ɪtˈʃʊrəvbɪnˈju/
d) it must have been love / ɪtˈmʌsəvbɪnˌlʌv / sometimes / ɪtˈmʌstəvbɪnˌlʌv /
e) I might have been an architec / aɪˈmaɪrəvbɪnənˈɑrkɪˌtɛkt/
1) I have noticed that the word that precedes him, her, his and have is always stressed, does this have to do anything with it?
2) Does this occur when the word that precedes him, her, his or have ends with a vowel sound?, as in: I know her brother / aɪ ˌnəʊ hər ˈbrʌðər /
3) Do the modal verbs change into Schwa in the aforementioned sentences?, as would does in the phonetic transcription:
Anything would have been better / ˈɛnɪˌθɪŋ wəd həv bɪn ˈbɛtər/
4) Do I put the primary and secondary stress properly in the phonetic transcriptions I made?
5) Must the phonetic transcription of the sentence '' I told you to give her the book '' be put into two thought groups?, as follows:
/ aɪˈtəʊldʒju/ / təˌɡɪvərðəˈbʊk /
5) I think when the /v/ phoneme in have is before a consonant it is not supposed to be transcribed, it seems to me that it loses its sound, doesn't it?
Pronunciation note in the word VEHICLE.
Because the primary stress in vehicle is on the first syllable, the /h/ on the second syllable tends to desapear /ˈviːɪkəl/. A pronunciation with the primary stress on the second syllable and a fully pronounced /h/ is usually considered nonstandard / vɪˈhɪkjʊlər/. In the adjective vehicular, where the primary stress is normal on the second syllable, the /h/ is always pronounced.
As always, I will deeply appreciate your opinion and assistance in this matter
Last edited by The apprentice; 12-Dec-2013 at 20:39. Reason: Editing, grammar mistakes and add something
I would say this happens more often in BrE, and that very short common words like 'him' and 'her' are the only cases where it's fairly common in AmE. In BrE on the other hand, it is regional, and where it happens, it's ALL instances of /h/ that go.
There are dialects in which initial /h/ is almost always dropped but in most dialects of British English, the /h/ is dropped only in examples similar to those given by The apprentice. In my own dialect, reasonably educated, slightly conservative Southern Standard British, I would drop/elide the /h/ sounds I have put in brackets, but not those I have underlined:
/ˈtɛl (h)ɪm təˌkʌm/ /ˈtɛl (h)ɪm təˈhʌri/
/aɪˈtəʊʤə təˌɡɪv (h)ɜ: ðəˈbʊk/ / aɪˈtəʊʤə təˌɡɪv (h)ɜ: ðəˈhɔ:s/
/ɪzˈðɪs (h)ɪz ˌhaʊs?/
Last edited by emsr2d2; 21-Dec-2013 at 15:22. Reason: typo
Thank you all for your replies:
Does occur the same with the phoneme /ð/ in the object pronoun them?
Last edited by The apprentice; 11-Dec-2013 at 16:44. Reason: misspelling
Certainly in AmE it does, and I suspect in BrE as well. We often hear "tɛləmtə" and when we do only context can distinguish the singular from the plural.
By the way, you need to invert in a question: "Does the same occur ..."?
Last edited by 5jj; 14-Dec-2013 at 05:55. Reason: minor typo
Thank you Probus for your reply and correction.
You are quite right, the order for making quiestion like this is : auxiliary + noun + verb.