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    #1

    Starting a sentence with a gerund or infinitive.

    I am trying to rephrase the following sentence in the form of sentences A and B. Which one is grammatical and more idiomatic?
    "I gathered more information and took many factors into account to narrow down the available possibilities."

    A-"To narrow down the available possibilities, I gathered more information and took many factors into account"
    B-"Narrowing down the available possibilities, I gathered more information and took many factors into account"

    Thanks a lot.

  1. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Starting a sentence with a gerund or infinitive.

    If the reason you gathered the information was to narrow the possibilities, use the first.

    The second suggest you narrowed before you started to gather.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Starting a sentence with a gerund or infinitive.

    Quote Originally Posted by Ryan. View Post
    I am trying to rephrase the following sentence in the form of sentences A and B. Which one is grammatical and more idiomatic?
    "I gathered more information and took many factors into account to narrow down the available possibilities."

    A-"To narrow down the available possibilities, I gathered more information and took many factors into account"
    B-"Narrowing down the available possibilities, I gathered more information and took many factors into account"

    Thanks a lot.
    In your sentence B, "narrowing" is a participle, not a gerund.

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    #4

    Re: Starting a sentence with a gerund or infinitive.

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    In your sentence B, "narrowing" is a participle, not a gerund.
    Thanks a lot. Could you give me some more information about the difference of them?

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: Starting a sentence with a gerund or infinitive.

    Quote Originally Posted by Ryan. View Post
    Thanks a lot. Could you give me some more information about the difference of them?
    Both present participles and gerunds are -ing forms of verbs. Gerunds are used as nouns, present participles are used as modifiers. There is a lot of information available on the Internet if you Google those words.

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