Results 1 to 6 of 6
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Nov 2013
    • Posts: 105
    #1

    He handed me the letter hoping .........

    Hello

    I'm trying to figure out the grammer of this structure. I was told that in the sentence 1 "lacking" is short for "who lack" so I can rephrase it in the form of sentence 1B.

    1- The students lacking the basic knowledge in this field have to attend the compulsory courses.
    1B- The students who lack the basic knowledge in this field have to attend the compulsory courses.

    But in the sentence below I have no idea what "hoping" is short for.

    2- He handed me the letter hoping that I wouldn't notice the errors.

    Could anyone tell me what this structure is called and how it is used? What is the grammatical role of "hoping" and "lacking" in the sentences above? I would be glad to know more about this grammar.

    Thanks.

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Ireland

    • Join Date: Apr 2008
    • Posts: 25,627
    #2

    Re: He handed me the letter hoping .........

    Quote Originally Posted by Ryan. View Post
    Hello

    I'm trying to figure out the grammer of this structure. I was told that in the sentence 1 "lacking" is short for "who lack" so I can rephrase it in the form of sentence 1B.

    1- The students lacking the basic knowledge in this field have to attend the compulsory courses.
    1B- The students who lack the basic knowledge in this field have to attend the compulsory courses.

    But in the sentence below I have no idea what "hoping" is short for.

    2- He handed me the letter hoping that I wouldn't notice the errors.

    Could anyone tell me what this structure is called and how it is used? What is the grammatical role of "hoping" and "lacking" in the sentences above? I would be glad to know more about this grammar.

    Thanks.
    In your example "hoping that" means "in the hope that".

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Nov 2013
    • Posts: 105
    #3

    Re: He handed me the letter hoping .........

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    In your example "hoping that" means "in the hope that".
    Thanks. I don't have problem understanding the meaning of them. Could you tell me what this grammar is called and what the grammatical role of "hoping" is?

  2. bhaisahab's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Ireland

    • Join Date: Apr 2008
    • Posts: 25,627
    #4

    Re: He handed me the letter hoping .........

    Quote Originally Posted by Ryan. View Post
    Thanks. I don't have problem understanding the meaning of them. Could you tell me what this grammar is called?
    You said that you had no idea what "hoping" was short for.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Nov 2013
    • Posts: 105
    #5

    Re: He handed me the letter hoping .........

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    You said that you had no idea what "hoping" was short for.
    Yes. I did and thanks for your answer. I could understand the meaning of the sentence even though I didn't know what it is short for. My problem is mostly about the grammar of this structure.

  3. bhaisahab's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Ireland

    • Join Date: Apr 2008
    • Posts: 25,627
    #6

    Re: He handed me the letter hoping .........

    Quote Originally Posted by Ryan. View Post
    Hello

    What is the grammatical role of "hoping" and "lacking" in the sentences above? I would be glad to know more about this grammar.

    Thanks.
    They are both present participles.

Similar Threads

  1. hoping
    By idiotmike in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 16-Mar-2012, 09:58
  2. hoping at/to see(ing)
    By Offroad in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 27-Oct-2010, 21:36
  3. was hoping for
    By joham in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 6
    Last Post: 13-May-2009, 10:54
  4. handed in
    By jkl in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 24-May-2008, 03:20
  5. handed over
    By kohyoongliat in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 22-May-2007, 15:10

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •