Student or Learner
"Do you feel" or "Do you feeling"? What are the rules about this kind of questions?
Welcome to the forum? When you say "this kind of question", do you mean questions that start with "Do you/Does he" etc? If so, then the rule I think you are looking for is that "Do you" etc is followed by the bare infinitive.
If the question starts "Are you", it is followed by verb+ing.
Do you feel ill?
Are you feeling ill?
Do you walk to work? (Habitual action)
Are you walking to work today? (Specific event)
Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.