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    #1

    Reduction or omission of GOING TO and some grammar element in a sentence.

    Dear teachers and members:


    As stated in my title, I find that the auxiliary GOING TO is reduced or omitted in some sentences. I know about Reduced Adverb Clause, Incomplete Adverb and Noun Clause and so on, which are grammatically correct. I would like to know if in these two sentences the same gramatical phenomenon happens.

    1) This was the first of many mistakes Kuklinski was to commit.

    2) At the time they arrived, the young woman had died; the gunshot wound was to blame.


    OBSERVATION:

    a) As to my knowledge, the first sentence can also be as follows:

    This was the first of many mistakes Kuklinski was going to commit.

    b) I think that in the second sentence some grammar element is missing, but I am not quite sure which one it is.

    At the time they arrived, the young woman had died; the gunshot wound was to blame.


    I beg for your help in this grammar confusion.

  1. bhaisahab's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Reduction or omission of GOING TO and some grammar element in a sentence.

    Quote Originally Posted by The apprentice View Post
    1) This was the first of many mistakes Kuklinski was to commit.

    2) At the time they arrived, the young woman had died; the gunshot wound was to blame.
    The second sentence is not correct, it should start with "By the time".
    Last edited by 5jj; 06-Mar-2014 at 16:13. Reason: Quote shortened

  2. 5jj's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Reduction or omission of GOING TO and some grammar element in a sentence.

    There is no 'reduction of BE going to in your sentences. The verb am/is/are/was/were to (there is no infinitive form) has been used. In #1, both BE going to and would would convey similar meanings, but neither works in #2, which is not the same construction.
    Last edited by 5jj; 06-Mar-2014 at 23:47. Reason: Unnecessary QUOTE deleted.

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    #4

    Re: Reduction or omission of GOING TO and some grammar element in a sentence.

    Thank you for the observation Bhaisahab:

    Is there a grammatical name for the thing I referred to in the above two sentences?

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    #5

    Re: Reduction or omission of GOING TO and some grammar element in a sentence.

    Thanks 5jj:

    I would like to know if is there a grammatical name for the thing I am referring in the above two sentences?

  3. 5jj's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: Reduction or omission of GOING TO and some grammar element in a sentence.

    The thing you are referring to in your first sentence appears to be simply the verb am/is/are/was/were to, sometimes referred to as BE to.

    In your second sentence 'to blame' has the meaning of responsible/the cause.

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    #7

    Re: Reduction or omission of GOING TO and some grammar element in a sentence.

    Okay 5jj:


    Now I know what you are referring to. This is called BE + INFINITIVE or BE PLUS INFINITIVE.


    My best regards.

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