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  1. vaibhavmaskar
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    #1

    Reduced clause: gerund, past participle, infinitive.

    I want to conform that my opinion about “reduced clause” is right?



    1. Noun clause reduced by using only gerund or infinitive?

    2. Adjective clause reduced by using only participle?

    2. Relative clause reduced by using only participle?

    3. Adverb clause reduced by using gerund, past participle and infinitive?
    Last edited by vaibhavmaskar; 09-Mar-2014 at 11:35.

  2. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Reduced clause: gerund, past participle, infinitive.

    What does "Pl.. " mean?
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  3. vaibhavmaskar
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    #3

    Re: Reduced clause: gerund, past participle, infinitive.

    Quote Originally Posted by emsr2d2 View Post
    What does "Pl.. " mean?
    It means please

  4. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Reduced clause: gerund, past participle, infinitive.

    No, it doesn't. The word "please" means "please".

    Please don't use chatlish/textspeak on the forum, only full standard English words.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  5. vaibhavmaskar
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    #5

    Re: Reduced clause: gerund, past participle, infinitive.

    Could anyone give my main questions answer about "reduced clause"?

  6. 5jj's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: Reduced clause: gerund, past participle, infinitive.

    Quote Originally Posted by vaibhavmaskar View Post
    I want to confoirm that my opinion about “reduced clause” is right?

    2. Relative clause is reduced by using only participle?
    No.

    I have a colleague who has seven children.
    I have a colleague with seven children.

  7. Newbie
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    #7

    Re: Reduced clause: gerund, past participle, infinitive.

    I hope this might help:

    1. Noun clause reduced by using only gerund or infinitive?
    While he admitted that he had received the stolen jewelry, he denied taking part in the robbery.
    While he admitted having received the stolen jewelry, he denied taking part in the robbery.
    Gerund (or present participle construction) "having received the stolen jewelry" in place of a nominal that-clause "that he had received the stolen jewelry"

    2. Relative clause reduced by using only participle?
    My sister is coming on the train which is arriving at Platform 2.
    My sister is coming on the train arriving at Platform 2.
    Relative clauses function as adjectives of nouns, postmodifying train, in this case. Defining relative clause "which is arriving at Platform 2" is reduced to present participle construction (or gerund) "arriving at Platform 2"

    3. Adverb clause reduced by using gerund, past participle and infinitive?
    With the same example as in 1:
    While he admitted having received the stolen jewelry, he denied taking part in the robbery.
    Admitting having received the stolen jewelry, he denied taking part in the robbery.
    "Admitting having received the stolen jewelry" is a gerund construction functioning as a clause of consession.

    I'm not a teacher (yet). I took some examples from the book Longman English Grammar by L. G. Alexander.
    Last edited by Nahuel; 09-Mar-2014 at 21:59. Reason: Added bibliography.

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    #8

    Re: Reduced clause: gerund, past participle, infinitive.

    Nahuel, please state that you are not a teacher and name the source and author of your quoted text (unless you wrote it yourself).

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