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  1. Newbie
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Korean
      • Home Country:
      • South Korea
      • Current Location:
      • South Korea

    • Join Date: Mar 2014
    • Posts: 2

    Question Gerund or Present Participle?

    It seems there are conflicting views among grammar teachers about the question as shown in the following example sentences. Could you help clarify what 'telling people...' 'telling my dad...' are?

    I have trouble(problems, a hard time, difficulty) telling people how I feel.
    I feel weird telling my dad I love him.

    Thank you.

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 24,983

    Re: Gerund or Present Participle?

    The key to differentiating gerunds from present participles is the role that these words play in a sentence. Gerunds (and gerund phrases) act as nouns; participles (and participial phrases) act as modifiers.

    Can you determine the functions of these two phrases in their respective sentences?

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