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    #1

    "after" vs "later"

    Hi,

    "After 2 hours, the train will arrive."
    " The train arrives 2 hours later."
    "The train arrives in 2 hours."

    What are the differences among them?

    Thank you!

  1. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    The second and third have the same meaning for me.

    The first one is not very natural. Usually I would say: "The train will arrive in 2 hours."

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    #3

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    I don't know if it's BrE, but only the third sounds natural to me.

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    The only reason I found 2 acceptable is if it were in a narrative story in the present tense.

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    #5

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    I get you.

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    #6

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    The second and third have the same meaning for me.

    The first one is not very natural. Usually I would say: "The train will arrive in 2 hours."
    So is the reason that you found the first one unnatural because "after" was used in future tense?
    What about " Something happened, blablablahhh after 2 hours, the train arrived."? Is this natural?

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    There really isn't anything wrong with using "after" and the future tense. I think the part of the sentence that is unnatural for me is the use of "after" plus a specific time period.

    After I finish washing the car, I will cut the grass.
    After two hours, I will cut the grass.

    There may be other contexts in which this will work, but the original train sentence is not good.

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    #8

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    There really isn't anything wrong with using "after" and the future tense. I think the part of the sentence that is unnatural for me is the use of "after" plus a specific time period.

    After I finish washing the car, I will cut the grass.
    After two hours, I will cut the grass.

    There may be other contexts in which this will work, but the original train sentence is not good.
    Lately I found a sentence on Corpus that seems to counter your argument that one should not put a certain period of time after the word "after".
    Now I just feel so lost...


    "After an hour I gave up speaking to Ms. Kalleigh's neighbors."

    The above is a sentence from corpus. And also, I remember hearing "After a while, blablablah......"
    What is going on?

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    #9

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    And also, how about "2 hours later, the train arrived". Is this natural?

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    #10

    Re: "after" vs "later"

    Yes.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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