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    #1

    compound words: noun + gerund

    a. It is a fire-making contest.
    b. It is a bull-fighting festival.
    I wonder if these compounds are adjectives or nouns. Please help me.
    Thank you in advance.

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    #2

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    They are functioning as adjectives in those sentences, aren't they?

  1. Roman55's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    I am not a teacher.

    I think they are nouns, but I am prepared to be shot down in flames on this one.

    If by bullfighting you mean the national sport of Spain, and not some other exotic sport in which bulls fight each other, then it is one word (no hyphen) and only a mass noun.

    If fire-making were an adjective you should be able to place it predicatively and still have a meaningful sentence.

    "The contest is fire-making" doesn't sound too good to me.

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    #4

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    Nouns functions as adjectives sometimes. "Shut the car door."

    I guess the real answer to "is this a noun or an adjective?" is "yes."

  2. tzfujimino's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    (I'm not sure about 'fire-making', but it looks like 'filmmaking'. So, it's probably a noun/gerund.)
    'bullfighting' is a 'noun'. I wouldn't call it an 'adjective'. It "functions like an adjective" in the OP's example.
    In the same way, in "the car door", the noun 'car' is "functioning like an adjective". I wouldn't call it an 'adjective', either.

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    #6

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by Roman55 View Post
    If fire-making were an adjective you should be able to place it predicatively and still have a meaningful sentence.
    That's not always a sound test. Some adjectives are used almost exclusively before nouns. These include bloody (as an informal intensifier), elder, live (= living), mere, old (of a long lasting relationship)

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    #7

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    I am not a teacher.

    Yes, I did think of that before posting, but I couldn't think of any -ing forms that can only be used before nouns..

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    #8

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    These spring to mind: reading glasses, a measuring cup

  6. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by tranlam1609 View Post
    I wonder if these compounds are adjectives or nouns. Please help me.
    A noun that is used as an adjective to modify another noun is often called an "attributive noun".

  7. tzfujimino's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: compound words: noun + gerund

    Quote Originally Posted by 5jj View Post
    These spring to mind: reading glasses, a measuring cup
    Or "a walking stick", "a waiting room", "a sleeping pill", etc.


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