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  1. Newbie
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    #1

    The use of comma and 'so'

    Hi everybody, I am not sure about how to properly use 'so' to connect two sentences and indicate a result. Which of the following sentence(s) is correct/the best, based on the rules of academic written English?

    (1) When studying overseas, many students go through changes and re-examine their values. So when they return home, they often find that many things are different from how they left them, and have difficulties in re-adapting to the realities of their homeland.

    (2) When studying overseas, many students go through changes and re-examine
    their values. So, when they return home, they often find that many things are different from how they left them, and have difficulties in re-adapting to the realities of their homeland.

    (3) When studying overseas, many students go through changes and re-examine thei
    r values. So when they return home they often find that many things are different from how they left them, and have difficulties in re-adapting to the realities of their homeland.

    (4) When studying overseas, many students go through changes and re-examine thei
    r values. So, when they return home they often find that many things are different from how they left them, and have difficulties in re-adapting to the realities of their homeland.

    (5) When studying overseas, many students go through changes and re-examine thei
    r values, so when they return home, they often find that many things are different from how they left them, and have difficulties in re-adapting to the realities of their homeland.

    (6) When studying overseas, many students go through changes and re-examine thei
    r values, so when they return home they often find that many things are different from how they left them, and have difficulties in re-adapting to the realities of their homeland.

    Thanks very much!
    Last edited by Barb_D; 31-Mar-2014 at 16:37. Reason: Deleting superflous exclamation marks.

  2. probus's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: The use of comma and 'so'

    What a strange question. All of your sentences are identical as far as the red parts are concerned, and all contain the same three errors.

    1. studying overseas, not studyingoverseas.
    2. they left, not theyleft.
    3. their homeland, not theirhomeland.

  3. Newbie
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    #3

    Re: The use of comma and 'so'

    No, the red parts are not identical, and that's where I need help.
    Last edited by seaview2007; 31-Mar-2014 at 04:59.

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    #4

    Re: The use of comma and 'so'

    Please spend a minute to use the Edit Post button to separate the pairs of words which have been run together and then we'll come back to it.

  4. tzfujimino's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: The use of comma and 'so'

    ... and I think you should emphasize/embolden the commas by clicking on B button when you edit them.
    It will look like something like this: So, when they return home, [...]

    Last edited by tzfujimino; 31-Mar-2014 at 09:49.

  5. Newbie
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    #6

    Re: The use of comma and 'so'

    I did use the "Edit Post" function to seperate those clustered words a few hours ago. However, I found the problem occured again, I mean, the three pairs of words got stuck together again. I don't know why that happened. I just edited the sentences one more time, and I have attached a picture to show what they look like now.
    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	QQ截图20140331190920.jpg 
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Size:	71.9 KB 
ID:	1801

  6. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: The use of comma and 'so'

    I tried to edit the post and I think I got it.

    My choice is 7 ... , so, when they return home, they...
    2 is my second choice.

    The "so" is a coordinating conjunction and a comma goes before it.
    "when they return home" feels to me like an insert, so a comma goes before and after it.
    2 technically starts a sentence with a conjunction, but I'm okay with that. It's the commas on either side of "when they return home" that I think are necessary.

    Much of punctuation is a matter of style, not grammar. Different writers favor different styles.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  7. Newbie
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    #8

    Re: The use of comma and 'so'

    Thanks very much for your advice, Barb_D!!!

    Among all the replies I received for my post, Rover_KE and you have been very helpful. I really appreciate that! You two have truly been helping people.

    Yong

    Quote Originally Posted by Barb_D View Post
    I tried to edit the post and I think I got it.

    My choice is 7 ... , so, when they return home, they...
    2 is my second choice.

    The "so" is a coordinating conjunction and a comma goes before it.
    "when they return home" feels to me like an insert, so a comma goes before and after it.
    2 technically starts a sentence with a conjunction, but I'm okay with that. It's the commas on either side of "when they return home" that I think are necessary.

    Much of punctuation is a matter of style, not grammar. Different writers favor different styles.

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