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  1. nita

    i need urgent help

    i am doing a n online course where they have no scope for wrong submits, either i can or cant do it(which i did not know before the course started ).now i have to send my worksheet and i am too scared to if you could tell me weather i have made any mistakes i'd be eternally grateful.i'll cut paste my answer sheet below, thanks


    Task 1 – Complete the chart below with the present simple tense, using the verb ‘go’:

    he/she/it I go
    you go
    He/she/it goes you go
    Do you go
    Does he /she /it go don’t go
    You don’t go
    He /it/she doesn’t go
    they We go
    You go
    They go Do we go
    Do you go
    Do they go We don’t go
    You don’t go
    They don’t go

    Task 2 – Identify the following tenses, and give reasons:

    a) John is having a shower at the moment.
    Present continuous: commentary. We use present continuous for things that are happening now.

    b) I have never met anybody famous.
    Present perfect: fact. We use the present perfect to talk about something that happened in the past, but we do not say exactly when it happened.

    c) I have been working here for 10 years.
    Present perfect continuous: fact. We use the present perfect continuous for an action or situation that began in the past and continues until now. We use for with a period of time.

    d) I go shopping at least twice a week.
    Present simple: habit/routine. We use the present simple for repeated actions.

    Task 3 – State as many usages as possible of the present tenses with an example sentence for each (not a sentence from the unit!). One of the usages for the present simple, with an example sentence, has been done for you. Bear in mind that there are more:

    a) Present simple

    1. Facts – “The sun sets in the west.”

    1) Facts – The moon goes around the earth.
    2. habitual/routine.: He brushes his teeth twice daily.
    3. Commentary: Chelsea is the best team in English Premier League.
    4. Story: The dog sees his reflection in the river and thinks there’s another dog with a bigger bone.
    5. Directions. The Mall is opposite the temple.

    b) Present continuous
    To talk about an action that is in progress at the time of speaking.
    1. Yes, of course I am listening to you.

    To talk about a temporary action that is not progress at the time of speaking.
    2. He is studying Business Management at the moment.

    To emphasize very frequent actions.
    3. He is always lying.

    Background events in present story.
    4. Robert DeNiro is acting in this movie.

    To describe developing situation.
    5. The rain is getting worse.

    To refer to a regular action around a point of time.
    6. She’s usually cooking at this time.

    c) Present perfect
    1. When we talked about finished action/states that happened at an indefinite time. Refers to, general experience without specific details. EG
    A) I have been on a holiday.

    2. When we are thinking about completed past actions carried out in an unfinished time period, at the time of speaking.
    B) This is the first time I have ever been in a hot air balloon!

    3. When we talk about something which began in the past and is still true now, at the time of speaking. We don’t know if it’s likely to continue or not.
    C) My mother has been a singer since 1995.

    4. When we describe past action with present result.
    D) I’ve lost my passport.

    d) Present perfect continuous

    A) Nobody has been living in this house for years.
    To communicate an incomplete and ongoing activity, when we want to say how long it has continued.

    B) I have been studying all day. Finally I can rest.
    To describe a recently finished, uninterrupted activity which has a present result?

    Task 4 – State how the tenses below are formed grammatically. Explain positive, negative and question forms:

    a) Present simple:

    Affirmative: {sub + base form (+s/ es)}
    Negative :{ sub + aux. verb” do” +not + base form}
    Question: {aux. verb + Do +sub+ base form}

    Affirmative: Asia lies in the northern hemisphere.
    {Subject +base form +main verb}

    Negative: She did not lose her book yesterday.
    (Sub+ aux. verb+ main verb)

    Question: Do you like coffee?
    (Sub+ aux. verb+ main verb.)

    b) Present continuous

    Affirmative: We are playing foot ball.
    (Sub + aux. verb + main verb +verb+ ing)

    Negative: They are not going for English class today.
    (Sub + aux. verb +be + subject +verb +ing)

    Question: Is your girlfriend coming over today? Is your English getting better?
    (Aux. verb +is + sub + verb +ing)

    c) Present perfect

    Affirmative :( sub+ aux. verb + have + past participle)
    A) My son has done all his homework.

    Negative: (sub+ aux. verb +have +not+ past participle)
    I have never ridden a horse.

    Question: (Aux.verb ’have’+ sub + past participle.)
    C) Have you visited your new school yet?

    c) Present perfect continuous

    Affirmative: (sub+ aux. verb ‘have ‘+ been+ verb + ing)
    1) Julia has been talking on the phone for an hour.

    Negative: (sub +aux. verb “have”+ not + been + verb + ing)
    2) The phones have not been working all day.

    Question: (aux. verb ‘have’+ sub + been +verb +ing)
    3) Have you been doing this course for a long time?

    Task 5 – Consider the following student errors. After each error, state:
    i) What the mistake is.
    ii) Why you think it has been made.
    iii) How you would go about correcting it.

    a) I am a secretary for five years.
    • The mistake is, the person is likely to continue being a secretary but her sentence implies that she no longer is a secretary.
    • The person is confused because the action started in the past and continues till date.
    • The teacher should ask the student if she is still a secretary, if yes then by drawing a time line the teacher can clarify the difference between present simple and present continuous.

    d) I have seen him yesterday.

    A.) The clause is presented incorrectly because it was something that happened in the past.
    B.) It should say: I saw him yesterday. The mistake is probably the confusion, in implying that he may see the person again.
    C.) We should explain via games or samples sentences to show the proper use of sentence making.

    c) She’s liked him since six months.

    i) It’s an incorrect sentence formation. It implies the action is likely to continue.
    ii) It should say; <she has liked him for six months>
    iii) The SS needs to clarify the tenses .Teaching grammatical forms should make it easier for them to understand. Specifying the usage for and since in present perfect.

    d) When have you bought your car?

    • It’s asked in an incorrect form, since he is still using the car.
    • It should be. When did you buy the car?
    • Let SS make pairs and question one another .e.g. did you buy the car...yes, I bought the car.

    e) I’ve been knowing her for three months.

    i) it’s an incorrect statement.
    ii) It should be: I‘ve known her for three months.
    iii) You can get SS to change a story, into a different tense to get them, used to differences in each tense: a paragraph with present-perfect can be changed present simple.

    Task 6 – Give at least 2 teaching ideas (suitable for the Activate stage of a lesson) for the tenses below.

    a) Present simple
    > find someone who…activity in which, students have to interview one another in order to complete forms.

    >information gaps…Whereby SS ask each other about their habitual action

    e) Present continuous
    • Telling stories: narrate stories combining the tenses that can be based on visual prompts.

    • Action in progress: miming is an excellent way to demonstrate actions; SS could guess what the action is.

    c) Present perfect:
    > Role play: job interview. E.g. have SS interview one another.
    > Change the room: have 3 SS leave the room, while the others change it in 5 different ways. (E.g. move the table, dust bin…) The absent SS returns and figures out what has been done.

    d) Present perfect continuous

    1. Students take a piece of paper with past activity and results written on it.
    > You’ve been chopping onions…. You’re crying.
    > You’ve been running…..You’re sweating.
    Then have SS question each other or guess at why…you are crying’ did you hurt yourself?

    2. You can have student do surveys amongst themselves or on campus, on different topics e.g. who has been done certain things the longest.

    pls email me at [email protected] thank you so much

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970

    Re: i need urgent help

    Nina, welcome.

    Sorry. We do not do homework assigments. If you'd like, though, we could guide you. Do you have a specific question about one or more of your answers?

    All the best.

    • Join Date: Nov 2007
    • Posts: 1

    Re: i need urgent help

    I am doing the same course TEFL,also I am finding it hard as I am on worksheet 4 and have had mine returned.Perhaps we can get in contact with each other and mybe help each other.My e-mail is [email protected]

    Regardsb Peter Harris

    • Join Date: Oct 2006
    • Posts: 19,398

    Re: i need urgent help

    Quote Originally Posted by [email protected] View Post
    I am doing the same course TEFL,also I am finding it hard as I am on worksheet 4 and have had mine returned.Perhaps we can get in contact with each other and mybe help each other.My e-mail is [email protected]

    Regardsb Peter Harris
    Welcome to the forums - if you check, you will see that this thread is two years old. If you are having problems, try asking for advice on your own thread.

    • Join Date: Jul 2009
    • Posts: 1

    Smile Re: i need urgent help


    i am also doing the same course! maybe we can give each other help my email is [email protected]
    look forward to hear from you


    • Join Date: Sep 2009
    • Posts: 5

    Re: i need urgent help

    Hi nita,

    I,m doing the same course and having the same problems.

    We could keep in contact


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