Can you give it a try first? Then we can comment.
Could anyone give the example of word "having" as a present participle and gerund?
1. Having a car, Pauline was able to drive him to the airport. (participle 'having')
2.Having a car is an advantage if you live far from work. (gerund 'having')
In above two sentence(1, 2) meaning of having is Possessioning or owning car. But in sentence no. 3 to 13 I do not understand exact meaning. if you give a synonymous type of meaning. It's better.
3. Web-spinning was not invented by some unsung spider genius and does not depend on having had the right education or on having an aptitude for architecture or the construction trades.
4. Huge databases of these "transition probabilities" have been compiled by having a computer analyze bodies of English text
5. It shouldn't depend on the designer's carefully writing down three identical sets of instructions (or, more plausibly, on the child's having to learn the structure of the English sentence three different times, once between if and then, once between either and or, and once after a then or an or).
6. The word will is an example of an auxiliary, a word that expresses layers of meaning having to do with the truth of a proposition as the speaker conceives it.
7. bozotic adj. - Having the quality of Bozo the Clown
8. We're having Julia Child and her husband over for dinner tonight.
9. Each phoneme's sound signature is colored by the phonemes that come before and after, sometimes to the point of The Sounds of Silence 183 having nothing in common with its sound signature in the company of a different set of phonemes.
10.so the listener can digest the beginning without having to hold the heavy phrase in mind.
11. After a few false alarms the search was abandoned, and for several decades the psychology textbooks dismissed transformations as having no "psychological reality."
12. I was tired of having guests visiting all the time
13.Obama having silent moment for Boston bombing
Your understanding of #1 and #2 is correct.
When I read your original post (#1), you seemed to be asking about the difference between a gerund and a present participle.
Now in post #3, you are asking about the meanings of those 'having's.
Hmm... what should I do? (I think you should ask unrelated questions in separate/different threads.)
Can you identify which ones are gerunds and which ones are present participles?
(A clue: "Gerunds are used after prepositions.")
I think sentence no-3 is participle, sentence no- 4, 7, 8, 12, 13 are gerund. and sentence. no- 5, 6, 9, 10, 11 I d not understand whether gerund or participle.
Though I understand "having" as gerund or participle , I do not understant which meaning it convey.
Last edited by vaibhavmaskar; 15-Apr-2014 at 17:32.
The key to differentiating them is the role each word plays in the sentence. Gerunds functions as nouns. They can be subjects of clauses, objects of verbs, or objects of prepositions. Present participles can be part of of a progressive (continuous) verb or they can act as modifiers (adjectives or adverbs). The participle in 8 is part of the verb "are having" (the "are" is included in "we're"). Number 13 is a little strange. It sounds like the caption of a photograph in a newspaper.
I agree with Mike, except for #11. (It might be a gerund, in my opinion.)