My guess is that the "kids" were in elementary school/high school and hoping for scholarships to college. Most people who go to college are still in their teens. I started college at 17.
Student or Learner
Does this "kids" refer to teenager caddies or collegiate ones? They woulnd't call people in twenties kids, but I heard some say so as age is a relative concept. In this passage, there's a 12-year-old caddie wokring for him.
14)In 1949, his friends started the Francis Ouimet Scholarship Fund.
The fund was created 1)to give college scholarships to kids 2)working as caddies.
Francis Ouimet 1)was named to the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974.
Don't you also refer to younger people as kids regardless of age? Even people in their 20s can be kids for people in their 60s.
But, it does happen. People saying "these kids today..." can be complaining about "young adults" as well as minors.
Do kids get scholarship before they enter college? Most scholarships are given during college days, and a few are given by accumulating it in advance also in Korea. I don't know what type of scholarship this passage is about, but it's probably this kind of in-advance one.
Yes, many scholarships are awarded before a young person starts college.