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  1. Newbie
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • (Afan) Oromo
      • Home Country:
      • Aaland
      • Current Location:
      • Aaland

    • Join Date: May 2014
    • Posts: 1

    about the usage of already and past participle

    1. this is from an article of
    Fish Smell Badly in More Acidic Oceans - Scientific American

    Rising levels of carbon dioxide are already souring the world's oceans.

    why can "already" be used in present continuous?

    i searched in many dictionaries, found that there's no such usage.

    2. Heavier particles drop out first, but about five times further out than had been previously predicted.

    here why does it use past participle? shouldn't it be the simple past tense? because drop is the present tense. thanks.

  2. Raymott's Avatar
    VIP Member
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      • Native Language:
      • English
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      • Australia
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      • Australia

    • Join Date: Jun 2008
    • Posts: 24,603

    Re: about the usage of already and past participle

    1. Why should 'already' not be used with the present continuous?
    "Scientists say that carbon dioxide will warm the Earth, but that is already happening."
    You didn't find that there was no such usage. What happened was that you didn't find an example of that usage. This is not surprising, since dictionaries are primarily books that give definitions of words, not usages.

    2. They could have used the simple past "was predicted". Certainly "had been previously predicted" is wordy; they could have omitted 'previously'. But it's hard to argue the case without the complete context. "Previous" to what, for example. Another point is that although the first clause is in the present simple tense, that is the "timeless" usage of the tense. They have obviously obviously observed the particles dropping (in the past), and the predictions were made before that.

  3. bhaisahab's Avatar
    Retired English Teacher
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      • British English
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      • England
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      • Ireland

    • Join Date: Apr 2008
    • Posts: 26,076

    Re: about the usage of already and past participle

    Please correct the information in your profile, dracularking. You are not a speaker of Afan from Aaland.

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