Student or Learner
I've been trying to grasp the general difference between some of the future forms and there's especially one that bothers me a lot.
My "Practical Englis Usage" (Third Edition) by Michael Swan says:
We use present progressive for future actions and events that have some present reality. It is most common in discussions of personal arrangements and fixed plans, when the time and place have been decided:
What are you doing this evening? ~ I'm washing my hair.
my "A Practical English Grammar" (Fourth Edition) by A.J Thomson and A. V. Martinet says:
The present continuous (progressive) can express a definite arrangement in the near future:
What are you doing next Saturday? ~ I'm going to the seaside. / The neighbours are coming to watch TV. / I'm not doing anything. I'm staying at home. I'm going to write letters. (I'm writing letters... would not be possible). - but why? All the possible answers are in present progressive except the last one which "would not be possible".
Why the discrepancy? Why is it possible to say I'm washing my hair but not I'm writing letters? After all, both actions are "personal arrangements and fxed plans, when the time and place have been decided".
I find both my grammars excellent books but this is something I cannot fathom and (at least at this point of my English learning) it seems to me they contradict each other.
Last edited by emsr2d2; 02-Jun-2014 at 00:40.
? edited at 17:40
What is the editing all about??
Thank you for your replies! But there's still one small thing... Consider this true conversation:
MY TEAMMATE: What are you doing on Saturday?
ME: I'm going to repair my bike / I'm repairing my bike
According to my grammars the first one (going to) implies that there's an intention and also some preparations have been made (= I have prepared all the necessary tools and spare parts so I am ready to start repairing my bike).
Does the second one imply my personal arrangement, my fixed plan, when the time and place have been decided? (please note: I have decided, nobody else, this is my private plan/intention to repair the bike and be ready for a race on Sunday. No preparations habe been made so far but I am 100% sure I will be repairing my bike)
Are both answers correct here?
(Sorry for bold letters in "please note:...", I cannot remove this)
Last edited by CFRP; 03-Jun-2014 at 18:29.
Click on Edit Post. Highlight the bold sentences, click on B and they should return to normal. Click Save.(Sorry for bold letters in "please note:...", I cannot remove this)
Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.