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  1. Newbie
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    #1

    direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    Hello teachers,

    me and a friend of mine are learning for our state exams and there are things which are not quite clear to us. The first question regards the direct object. In the sentence:

    - He wanted to keep his job. - Is the direct object "to keep his job" or is it only "his job" ?

    And the second question is about auxiliary and main verbs. We basically understand what auxiliaries and main verbs are, but what about the sentece -

    - I dont want to know it. - "dont" is auxiliary, but is the main verb "want" or is it "to know"?

    Please, help us out.

    Thank you in advance

  2. Calis's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    Quote Originally Posted by tt2803 View Post
    Hello teachers,

    Me* and a friend of mine are learning** for our state exams and there are things which are not quite clear to us. The first question regards the direct object. In the sentence:

    - He wanted to keep his job. - Is the direct object "to keep his job" or is it only "his job"?

    And the second question is about auxiliary and main verbs. We basically understand what auxiliaries and main verbs are, but what about the sentence - (Probably just a typo)

    - I don't+ want to know it. - "don't"+ is auxiliary, but is the main verb "want" or is it "to know"?

    Please, help us out.

    Thank you in advance.*
    * Capital letters at the beginning of every sentence, and full stops at the end.
    ** I would say "revising" or "studying" – learning is what you have done throughout the year.
    + "Don't" is a contraction of "do not" and such it has an apostrophe to mark the missing letters.
    Objects are, by definition, nouns. "To keep" is a verb, and so cannot possibly be part of the direct object. "His job" is the direct object. As for the second question, I'm not sure, but I think the main verb is "want", because it is the action of the clause done by the subject (and "to know" is an infinitive). English people aren't taught English grammar anymore and I only just looked it up. A teacher could tell you for certain.

    PS: Well done on your written English; take note of your mistakes and be sure to not repeat them.

    [Not a teacher]

  3. Newbie
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    #3

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    Quote Originally Posted by Calis View Post
    Objects are, by definition, nouns. "To keep" is a verb, and so cannot possibly be part of the direct object. "His job" is the direct object. As for the second question, I'm not sure, but I think the main verb is "want", because it is the action of the clause done by the subject (and "to know" is an infinitive). English people aren't taught English grammar anymore and I only just looked it up. A teacher could tell you for certain.

    PS: Well done on your written English; take note of your mistakes and be sure to not repeat them.

    [Not a teacher]

    Thank you very much for your response. You have no idea how much you cheered me up with your PS message.
    As for the mistakes you´ve highlighted, I was just typing quickly so I didn´t pay attention to my spelling. But the one with "learning" was really useful I didn´t know it is used in such a way.
    Last edited by tt2803; 01-Jun-2014 at 22:38. Reason: correction

  4. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    Infinitives can be used as nouns. "To keep his job" is a noun phrase in this case.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  5. Raymott's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    "me and a friend are studying..."
    I'd say the lack of a capital at the beginning of a sentence is the lesser problem here.
    'Me' is not a subject pronoun. You need "A friend and I are studying..." or "I'm studying with a friend..." or some other construction that doesn't use "Me is ..." or "Me are ..."

  6. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    Quote Originally Posted by Calis View Post
    Objects are, by definition, nouns. "To keep" is a verb, and so cannot possibly be part of the direct object. "His job" is the direct object. As for the second question, I'm not sure, but I think the main verb is "want", because it is the action of the clause done by the subject (and "to know" is an infinitive). English people aren't taught English grammar anymore and I only just looked it up. A teacher could tell you for certain.

    PS: Well done on your written English; take note of your mistakes and be sure to not repeat them.

    [Not a teacher]
    Why bother correcting the capitalization of a pronoun that is incorrect? It should be "My friend and I". "To keep" is not a verb; it is an infinitive (a verbal). As such, It can be used as a noun. "His job" is the direct object of the infinitive (verbals retain that possibility). Many English speaking people in the US are still taught grammar.

    If you are going to answer questions here, please try to be accurate.

  7. Raymott's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    Why bother correcting the capitalization of a pronoun that is incorrect? It should be "My friend and I".
    Why bother giving the same answer as a post that's already been made?
    Last edited by Raymott; 02-Jun-2014 at 09:55.

  8. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    Why bother posting that?

  9. Raymott's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    Why bother posting that?
    It makes you appear like you don't read the thread before you answer. Just alerting you to the fact.

  10. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: direct object, main and auxiliary verbs

    I don't think my post was a duplicate. I recommended a different beginning than you did. Did that offend you in some way? I also dealt with the infinitive, which you did not. Regardless, I am still free to post what I think is useful, ne'st-ce pas?

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