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  1. Newbie
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    #1

    Question meaning of infinitive

    I am confused about meaning of infinitive.

    Is each sentence right?

    q1. A man fixes a pipe to use for cooking.
    q2. A man fixes a pipe that he will use for cooking.
    q3. A man fixes a pipe in order to use (it) for cooking.
    q4. Is 'q2' like 'q1'?
    q5. Is 'q3' like 'q1'?


    q6. We must have a house to live in.
    q7. We must have a house which we can live in.
    q8. We must have a house in order to live in.
    q9. Is 'q7' like 'q6'?
    q10. Is 'q8' like 'q6'?


    q11. I have something to show
    q12. I have something which I can show.
    q13. Is 'q12' like 'q11'?

    q14. There are many sights to see in Paris.
    q15. There are many sights that we should see in Paris.
    q16. Is 'q15' like 'q14'?

    q17. he has family to look after.
    q18. he has no family whom he should look after.
    q19. Is 'q17' like 'q19'?


    thank you :)

  2. Raymott's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: meaning of infinitive

    Quote Originally Posted by hewon View Post
    q1. A man fixes a pipe to use for cooking. Yes
    q2. A man fixes a pipe that he will use for cooking. Yes
    q3. A man fixes a pipe in order to use it for cooking. Yes
    q4. Is 'q2' like 'q1'?
    q5. Is 'q3' like 'q1'?
    They're all similar.

    q6. We must have a house to live in. Yes
    q7. We must have a house which we can live in. Yes
    q8. We must have a house in order to live in it. Yes
    q9. Is 'q7' like 'q6'?
    q10. Is 'q8' like 'q6'?
    They're all similar.


    q11. I have something to show. Yes
    q12. I have something which I can show. Yes
    q13. Is 'q12' like 'q11'?
    It's like it, but none of these sentences are exactly the same in all contexts.


    q14. There are many sights to see in Paris. Yes
    q15. There are many sights that we should see in Paris. Yes
    There are many sites to be seen in Paris.
    q16. Is 'q15' like 'q14'?
    No, 15 makes an assertion that we should see them. 14 merely says that they're there is you want to see them.


    q17. he has no family to look after. Yes
    q18. he has no family whom he should look after. No, this is awkward. Change 'should' to 'has to'.
    Or, "He has no family that he need look after."
    q19. Is 'q17' like 'q19'?
    It's close.

    thank you :)
    Whether a sentence is 'like' another one always depends on the context.

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